AIDS - HIV
immune deficiency syndrome is a viral disease, highly contagious. It
is transmitted through sexual intercourse, whether vaginal or anal.
It is also transmitted through blood transfusion and needle pricks.
It can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, birth
or in breast milk. It is not transmissible by hand shakes, casual
contact, kisses and hugs (with some controversy about deep "tongue"
kisses), insect bites, foments and towels or swimming in the
virus" attacks the white blood cells; cells that are responsible for
body immunity against infections and cancer. The virus uses the cell
to reproduce then destroys the cell, releasing itself as well as a
large number of its replicas, produced in the destroyed cell. The
released viruses attack other cells, reproducing and destroying, and
Gradually, the white blood cells become depleted, and the body is
left vulnerable for infections and malignancies.
process of reproduction, the virus can alter its form to escape its
foes, including anti-HIV medications, which is the reason why there
is no radical cure for HIV till today.
Stage: immediately following infection, there are mild symptoms that
resemble common cold and may pass unnoticed. In this stage,
antibodies are produced and may be measured in blood to establish
patient has no symptoms but is infective to others. This stage may
persist for years.
stage: Severe diarrhea, severe weight loss, generalized lymph node
enlargement (lumps), skin rash, various infections. Infections
contracted at this stage may be a cause of death.
stage: increased severity of the latter, in addition to contraction
of infections by opportunistic organisms and cancers. Opportunistic
organisms are normally present in the body and are harmless. In AIDs,
the become harmful and cause infections.
tests such as ELISA and PCR can diagnose HIV. PCR is much more
accurate than ELISA. They are available for free in many specialized
Unfortunately, the virus keeps modifying its structure to escape the
effect of medication. However, current antiviral treatment can stop
progression of the disease and decrease infectivity. Complete cure
is rare, but the patient may live symptom-free and non-infective in
many cases for variable periods of time.
Avoiding AIDs / Prophylaxis:
multiple sex partners
2-Provosion of free diagnostic tools and free (or affordable)
examination of blood before transfusion.